11.1 – Coffee Growing

Coffee production starts by growing a coffee plant. Coffee grows on a flowering shrub. It was once native to tropical Asia and Africa, but now coffee is found all around the world. The coffee trees, especially those that produce the best coffee, then to thrive in hotter climates, typically those found near the equator. There are two main types of coffee bean, Arabica, and Robusta. Arabica coffee beans are considered superior, with sweeter and more complex flavours, but they are more expensive and harder to grow. Robusta has bitter flavours and more caffeine in the bean, but it’s a hardier plant that thrives in harsher conditions. Coffee processing is the next step, they start by removing the coffee beans from the coffee cherry or fruit and drying them. This results in green beans that you can store until roasting. 

Raw Coffee Beans